A Visual Comparison of Different National Layouts on a Computer Keyboard.

This page compares the US English national layout with different national layouts used in other countries.

Each comparison focuses on the differing arrangements of the alphabetical, numerical and typographical symbols in each national layout; due to this, all of them are presented within the same regular alphanumeric or “alpha” block, ignoring the remaining parts of a keyboard (namely: function row, navigation cluster and numeric keypad).

Full-size blank physical layout.

In each section, the base US English over ANSI layout and a different national layout are presented side by side, with the differing keys highlighted.

Index.

This document is comprised of the following sections:


English layouts.

English (USA).

English (USA) national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


English (US international).

English (US international) national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


English (UK).

English (UK) national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


English (UK) Extended.

English (UK) Extended national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Irish.

Irish non-national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Canadian (bilingual).

Canadian (bilingual) national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:

PENDING: add “Canadian French Legacy” and “Canadial Multilingual” in the French section.


Maltese.

Maltese national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


English (USA) Dvorak.

English (USA) Dvorak national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


English (USA) Colemak.

English (USA) Colemak national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Germanic and Nordic layouts.

Danish.

Danish national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Dutch.

Dutch national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Faroese.

Faroese subnational layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


German.

German supranational layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Icelandic.

Icelandic national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Norwegian.

Norwegian national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:

PENDING: add Norwegian with Sámi here.


Swedish and Finnish.

Swedish and Finnish binational layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:

PENDING: add Swedish with Sámi and Finnish Multilingual here.


Swiss.

Swiss national layouts.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Baltic layouts.

Estonian.

Estonian national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Western and Central Mediterranean layouts.

Italian.

Italian national layout(s).

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Portuguese (Brazil).

Portuguese (Brazil) national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Portuguese (Portugal).

Portuguese (Portugal) (supra-?)national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Spanish (Latin America).

Spanish (Latin America) supranational layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Spanish (Spain).

Spanish (Spain) national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Spanish-Guarani.

Spanish-Guarani bilingual layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


French layouts.

French (France).

French (France) national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


French (Belgium).

French (Belgium) national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Central and Southeastern European layouts.

Albanian.

Albanian national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Czech.

Czech national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Hungarian.

Hungarian national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Polish (standard).

Polish (standard) national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Polish (programmers).

Polish (programmers) national layouts.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Romanian (old).

Romanian OLD national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Romanian (current).

Romanian national layouts.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Slovak.

Slovak national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Slovenian, Croatian and Serbian (Latin).

Slovenian, Croatian and Serbian (Latin) multinational layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Near Eastern layouts.

Turkish Q.

Turkish (Q) national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Turkish F.

Turkish (F) national layout.

Notes:

Sources and non-sources:

See also:


Last update: 13/02/2021.

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